Django Middleware's: Everything You Need to Know

Django Middleware's: Everything You Need to Know

Hello Fellow Developers! Are you looking to learn more about Django Middleware's? Look no further! In this post, I’ll be explaining everything you need to know about Django Middleware's including its use cases, advantages, disadvantages, and do’s and don’ts.

👉 What are Django Middleware's? Django Middleware's are hooks into Django’s request/response processing. It’s a light, low-level “plugin” system for globally altering Django’s input or output. Each middleware component is responsible for doing some specific function. For example, Django includes a middleware component, Authentication Middleware, that associates users with requests using sessions.

👉 Use Cases of Django Middleware's Django Middleware's can be used for various purposes such as:

  • Authentication 🔒

  • Caching 🚀

  • Compression 📦

  • Security 🔐

  • Session Management 🕰️

  • Cross-Site Request Forgery Protection (CSRF) 🛡️

👉 Advantages of Django Middleware's

  • They are easy to use and implement. 👨💻

  • They provide a way to modify the request/response globally. 🌎

  • They can be used to add additional functionality to your application. 🚀

  • They can be used to modify the request/response based on certain conditions. 🤖

👉 Disadvantages of Django Middleware's

  • They can slow down your application if not used properly. 🐢

  • They can make your code more complex if not used properly. 🤯

  • They can cause conflicts with other middleware's if not used properly. 💥

👉 Do’s and Don’ts of Django Middleware's


  • Use middleware's only when necessary. ✅

  • Keep the middleware code simple and clean. 💻

  • Test the middleware thoroughly before using it in production. 🧪


  • Don’t use too many middlewares in your application. ❌

  • Don’t use middleware that is not necessary for your application. ❌

  • Don’t use middlewares that you don’t understand. ❌

Here is an example code for adding a custom middleware in Django:

class CustomMiddleware:
    def __init__(self, get_response):
        self.get_response = get_response

    def __call__(self, request):
        # Code to be executed for each request before 
          # the view (and later middleware) are called.
        response = self.get_response(request)
        # Code to be executed for each request/response
          # after the view is called.
        return response

To use this middleware in your Django application:

  1. Create a new file named in your app directory.

  2. Add the above code in

  3. Add the middleware class path in the MIDDLEWARE list in your project’s file.

For example:

    'myapp.middleware.CustomMiddleware', # Add your middleware here.

Does the order of middleware matters?

Yes, the order of middlewares in Django matters because a middleware can depend on other middleware. For instance, AuthenticationMiddleware stores the authenticated user in the session; therefore, it must run after SessionMiddleware. You can change the order of middlewares by changing the order of middleware classes in the MIDDLEWARE list in your project’s file. The middleware classes are executed in the order they are defined in this list.

I hope this post solves lot of your queries, If so give it a thumbs up! You can DM me if you have any other doubts regarding Python, Django, Web development and any other queries that you find complicated to understand. I will try my best to breakdown it in simplest possible.

Cheers! Keep Coding ;)

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